SMART Nutrition Goals for CKD

SMART Nutrition Goals

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition that affects millions of people worldwide. In fact, 1 in 10 Canadians has kidney disease. CKD is a health condition that occurs with the gradual loss of kidney function over time. This decrease in kidney function leads to a buildup of waste products and fluid in the body because the kidneys are unable to filter properly. If you’re interested in learning more about CKD and what to eat for stages 3-5 check out this post. But let’s chat about a SMART nutrition goals for CKD today.

Good nutrition plays an important role in managing CKD. It can help slow down the progression of the disease and manage conditions associated with CKD like diabetes, high blood pressure, anemia, and more. One effective way to set nutrition goals for CKD is to make SMART goals. Now let’s dive into SMART nutrition goals for CKD.

What Does SMART Stand For?

SMART goal setting is a way of making lifestyle changes that helps you focus on specific skills or behaviours you’d like to improve. SMART stands for:






Setting a SMART nutrition goal for CKD helps you define the steps you need to take to achieve your goal. SMART goals help to identify milestones or targets that highlight your progress and keep you on track to success. With SMART goals, you’re more likely to achieve your nutrition goals efficiently because you break them down into appropriate goals. So in this blog post, we will discuss how to make SMART nutrition goals for CKD to ensure that you are taking proactive steps towards managing your condition effectively.


The first step in setting a SMART nutrition goal for CKD is to make it specific. A vague goal such as “eat healthier” is not helpful because it lacks clarity. Instead, focus on setting specific goals that are tailored to your individual needs. For example, a specific nutrition goal for CKD could be “reduce daily sodium intake to 2300 milligrams” or “increase consumption of fruits and vegetables to 5 servings per day.” By making your goal specific, you are giving yourself a clear target to aim for and a concrete plan to follow.


A goal needs to be measurable in order to track progress and determine success. When setting a nutrition goal for CKD, make sure it is something that can be measured objectively. For instance, “having 3 plant-based meals per week” or “drink 8 glasses of water daily” are measurable goals that can be tracked over time. Measuring your progress allows you to assess how well you are adhering to your nutrition plan and make adjustments if needed.


Setting realistic and achievable goals is crucial for success. When it comes to nutrition goals for CKD, it’s important to consider your individual circumstances, such as your current health status, lifestyle, and dietary restrictions. It’s not practical to set a goal that is too ambitious or unrealistic, as it may lead to frustration and disappointment. Instead, set goals that are challenging but attainable. For example, if you currently eat fast food multiple times a week, it may not be realistic to cut it out completely, but you could set a goal to reduce your fast food consumption to once a week.


Your nutrition goals for CKD should align with your overall health and treatment plan. Consider how your nutrition goals fit into your broader CKD management strategy. For example, if you are on a low-protein diet as part of your CKD treatment plan, setting a goal to increase protein intake would not be relevant. Instead, focus on realistic goals that complement your CKD treatment plan and support your overall health and well-being. For example, “I will exercise 3 days per week” is more realistic than 7 days per week for many of us.


Setting a timeline for achieving your nutrition goals is essential for keeping yourself accountable. A time-bound goal provides a sense of urgency and motivation to work towards your target. For example, “reduce added sugar intake to less than 25 grams per day within the next three months” or “achieve a healthy body weight within six months” are time-bound goals that give you a deadline to work towards. Be sure to set realistic timelines that are achievable and align with your individual circumstances this helps get your SMART goal for CKD.

Why Use SMART Goals For CKD?

Good nutrition is crucial for managing chronic kidney disease effectively. By using the SMART criteria, you can set nutrition goals that are specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-bound, which increases the likelihood of your success. Remember to tailor your goals to your individual needs and circumstances, and work closely with your healthcare team, including a registered dietitian, to ensure that your nutrition goals align with your overall CKD management plan. With SMART nutrition goals, you can take proactive steps towards managing your health and CKD.

Are You Looking To Learn More About The Renal Diet And Get Started With Your SMART Goals?

If you’re looking to make changes to your nutrition or learn about what you should be eating for CKD, Kidney Nutrition Fast Track course is here to help get you started. Learn about it here and get started with your SMART nutrition goal.

Want to work together? Connect with Kidney Nutrition here.

Want to learn more about Emily? Learn more here.

Published by Emily Campbell, RD CDE MScFN

Emily Campbell, RD CDE MScFN is a Registered Dietitian and Certified Diabetes Educator. She specializes in renal nutrition helping those with chronic kidney disease. Emily holds a Master's degree in Foods and Nutrition and is a co-chair of the Southern Ontario Canadian Association of Nephrology Dietitians.

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